Autism and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. They include autistic disorder (sometimes referred to as “classic autism”), Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome. ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and attention and physical health issues such as sleep and gastrointestinal disturbances. Some persons with ASD excel in visual skills, music, math and art.
Easter Seals of South Carolina – www.easterseals.com/southcarolina/
Autism Speaks - www.autismspeaks.org
SC Autism Society – www.scautism.org/
Behavior Analyst Certification Board – www.BACB.com
Family Connections – www.familyconnectionsc.org
SC Department of Disabilities and Special Needs – www.ddsn.sc.gov
BabyNet – www.scfirststeps.com/babynet/
CDC Autism Information - www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/index.html
Lowcountry Autism Foundation - www.lafinc.org/
Resources for Families
Behavior analysis focuses on the principles that explain how learning takes place. Positive reinforcement is one such principle. When a behavior is followed by some sort of reward, the behavior is more likely to be repeated. Through decades of research, the field of behavior analysis has developed many techniques for increasing useful behaviors and reducing those that may cause harm or interfere with learning.
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is the use of these techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior.
As mentioned, behavior analysts began working with young children with autism and related disorders in the 1960s. Early techniques often involved adults directing most of the instruction. Some allowed the child to take the lead. Since that time, a wide variety of ABA techniques have been developed for building useful skills in learners with autism – from toddlers through adulthood.
*founded by Easterseals South Carolina.
Autism Services of South Carolina
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